Truth and Reconciliation Resources
During National Indigenous History Month in 2021, the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation was established, and is now observed across Canada on September 30th. It is a day to acknowledge the history and ongoing tragic legacy of Canada's residential schools. It is a day to honor those who survived, to commemorate those who did not, and to support the Indigenous families and communities who suffered losses.
As a Canadian museum, it is our responsibility to present the truth of history in Canada, even when that history is unjust and disturbing. We acknowledge that institutions like ours must do more to ensure that this legacy never fades from the public eye. We must continue to shine a light on the devastating impact residential schools have had on Indigenous communities, not just during Indigenous History Month, or on September 30th, but throughout the year and into the future. We must do this and much more, if true Reconciliation is ever to be achieved.
Here are the small steps Grey Roots is taking on the pathway to Reconciliation:
- Representatives from Saugeen First Nation and the Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation have come together to form an Indigenous Advisory Circle to inform how Grey Roots presents Indigenous history and reconciliation resources.
Anthony Chegano (Miptoon) – Miptoon is an Elder, band councillor and band member with the Chippewas of Nawash.
Elder Shirley John – Strong White Buffalo Woman, Saugeen First Nation. Shirley is an Elder for Georgian College, Facing History and does Traditional Teachings, Opening Song and Prayer in many places throughout Grey-Bruce and beyond.
Jason W. Johnston – Jason is a band member of the Chippewas of Nawash, with fifteen years’ experience in tourism across Canada, specializing in Indigenous tourism.
Brittany Jones – Brittany is a band member of the Chippewas of Nawash and has worked for the Saugeen Ojibway Nation Environment Office. She is an accomplished bead work, leather, birch bark and quill artist.
Lenore Keeshig – Lenore is an Elder, author and traditional storyteller with the Chippewas of Nawash.
Jennifer Linklater – Jennifer is a band member of the Chippewas of Nawash, an Aboriginal Student Advisor at Georgian College and Apatisiwin Program Coordinator at M'wikwedong Indigenous Friendship Centre.
Robin Stadelbauer – Robin is a band member of the Chippewas of Nawash. She serves as Associate Director, Indigenous Relations at the University of Waterloo.
- In 2023, we unveiled an art display at the entrance of our permanent gallery, titled Saukiing Anishnaabekiing presents Our Stories. The display invokes Anishinaabe creation stories while pointing towards reconciliation. The artwork was created by Nyle Miigizi Johnston, painter, muralist and storyteller of the Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation.
- Grey Roots staff have participated in several interpretive hikes at Cape Croker Park, through the Anishinaabe Cultural Experiences program. These have been important learning opportunities for our staff. The knowledge and Anishinaabe stories shared on these hikes help us to present a more thorough picture of the long human history in our area.
Grey Roots staff learning from Jason W. Johnston on an interpretive hike.
- We are connecting visitors with resources to enhance understanding of, and facilitate conversation around, Truth and Reconciliation. Find these resources, including a series of first hand residential school survivor stories, below.
Content Warning: Many of the testimonies linked below contain stories which may be disturbing, particularly to survivors of residential schools and their descendants. If you are in need of support, please contact the Residential Schools Crisis Line at 1-866-925-4419.
Wes Fineday - Voices From Here
"I always tried to make it a point never to show signs of surrender. You can kill me, but I'm not going to cry."
Wes FineDay, Nehiyaw Knowledge Keeper, shares the oral history of his people and his personal history at, and escape from, residential school. Courtesy of Historica Canada.
Beverly Albrecht - Legacy of Hope
"I was seven, I was the oldest. My brother was six, my other sister was five. The other brother was four and my youngest sister was three."
Beverly Albrecht, one of five siblings taken to the Mohawk Institute, recounts the regimented daily life and strict discipline at the Institute. Courtesy of the Legacy of Hope Foundation.
Andre Carrier - Voices From Here
"I'm 61 years old and I'm only [now] dealing with the trauma of these realities that I lived throughout my whole life."
Andre Carrier describes his deeply traumatic experience at Roman Catholic day school. Warning: this account describes sexual violence against children. Courtesy of Historica Canada.
Mabel Grey - Legacy of Hope
"Finally I asked the Sister, 'Why? Why are we praying so much? and she said, 'To chase the devil out of you.' And we didn't even know what the devil was."
Mabel Grey describes her experience growing up at St. Bernard Mission in Alberta which she attended from age 3 to 18, beginning in 1924. Courtesy the Legacy of Hope Foundation.
The Saugeen Ojibway Nation is the collective name applied to the Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation and the Chippewaas of Saugeen. Grey Roots Museum and Archives, the whole of Grey and Bruce counties, as well as much of Simcoe, Dufferin, Wellington, Perth and Huron counties fall within the traditional territory of the Saugeen Ojibway Nation (SON).
Territory Acknowledgement - Learn what a territory acknowledgment is and why it should be observed, and find appropriate acknowledgement text for use at gatherings within the territory of the SON.
Treaty History - The once vast territory of the Saugeen Ojibway Nation was diminished steadily and significantly through the treaty process as colonizers sought to expand their holdings. Here you can learn about local treaty history and find a map detailing the scale of the surrendered territories.
Guide to the Saugeen Ojibway Nation - This excellent video introduces viewers to the history, language, and culture of the Saugeen Ojibway Nation.
The Legacy of Hope Foundation is an Indigenous led charitable organization who seek to create awareness and understanding of Canada's residential school system. Their work has created many invaluable resources which promote reconciliation through fostering empathy and understanding.
Where are the Children? - Here you'll find a comprehensive timeline of the residential school system as well as dozens of moving first hand survivor stories.
Reading lists and education guides - These resources are provided to facilitate the work of Reconciliation in the home and classroom. Find dozens of suggestions on the reading list designed for children of all ages as well of adults.
Find the entire Voices From Here series, produced by Historica Canada, right here.
The series features Indigenous peoples from across Canada telling their own stories in their own words. The series comes with an education guide designed for students, complete with sections for each video in the series. Click here for the education guide.
Ojibwe, or Anishinaabemowin, is an Indigenous language spoken by the original peoples of the Great Lakes region. The 2016 Census lists 28,130 Indigenous citizens in Canada who speak Ojibwe with conversational fluency.
The Ojibwe People's Dictionary is a searchable Ojibwe-English and English-Ojibwe dictionary. It includes audio of Ojibwe words spoken by Ojibwe elders, 17,000 word entries, expanded entries with spoken example sentences, photos and videos as well as language help and guides.
This comprehensive toolkit, created by the Assembly of First Nations, features 22 modules which offer information on topics ranging from the impacts of contact with European colonizers, to ending violence against First Nations women. They can be accessed through iTunes U, or downloaded as PDFs on non iOS devices.
In 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission released its final six volume report. The reports are based on accounts from 6,500 witnesses, 5 million records from the Government of Canada, and 6 years work by the Commission. Find each volume in the report, including the Summary and Calls to Action, at the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation.
Thank you to the the Saugeen Ojibway Nation, Legacy of Hope Foundation, Historica Canada, the Ojibwe People's Dictionary, the Indigenous Arts Collective of Canada, and the Assembly of First Nations for creating the resources shared on this page.